Australia's river red gums - Eucalyptus camaldelensis
The river red gum Eucalyptus camaldulensis is the most widely distributed eucalyptus species in Australia growing along watercourses throughout the country. It lines the Murray River for most of its length. The trees are usually 20–35 m high with some over 45 m, with a diameter of 1–3 m. The Canopy is dark green and the forest floor is usually devoid of undergrowth. The trunk is vari-coloured, which includes patches of leaden grey bark above an area of brown-black. The branches are often twisted and the root system is often partly exposed.
It is the association with the water that makes the tree interesting. It needs periods of partial flooding where its trunk may be inundated for months. Seeds are washed to high ground during a flood and germinate to take root and grow before the next flood submerges the new tree.
The timber is a reddish colour with a strong interlocking grain. It is hard and durable and is renowned for its character.
Flowering is usually in summer in Victoria and varies in New South Wales. The flowers are white to pale cream. Honey produced has a clear golden colour, is mild and of good flavour.
The Aborigines used the tree for its medicinal properties. A handful of young leaves, crushed and then boiled in water were used as a liniment that was rubbed in for chest or joint pain, particularly for general aches and flu symptoms. Young leaves were also heated in a pit over hot coals, and the vapors' were inhaled, which helped with the treatment of general sickness
Star Lane Winery - Six Elements proprietary Red Gum Barrel Fermented Shiraz